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Shameless incidents involving court nobles and monks in Edo: Inokuma Incident and Enmei-in Incident

After Sekigahara War, Ieyasu was declared shogun, and two years later, he handed over the post to Hidetada to clarify the next generation's system, but sent the famous magistrate Katsushige Itakura to maintain public order in Kyoto and monitor the imperial court. In Japan, the government has been stable under the authority of the Emperor, so the function of the Kyoto Shoshidai(Shogunate's governor) has been extremely important for the Kanto-located government ever since the Rokuhara Tandai(Kamakura era).

After a long period of war and poverty, the society of court nobles entered a period of peace and peace, and some of the rules may have fallen out of place. Noritoshi Inokuma was born in the Yotsutsuji family, but his adoptive family changed from an early age, and his surname changed from Takakura to Yamashina to Inokuma. He was so beautiful that he was said to be either Hikaru Genji or Narihira Ariwara, but his hairstyle and obi ties were fashionable, and they were known as Inokuma-style. However, he had a bad taste for women, and even before he committed a major incident, he had an imperial sanction by Emperor Goyozei for having an affair with a court lady, and had a criminal record for running away.

The Inokuma Incident is a case of fornication and orgies involving five court ladies and seven court nobles, and it appears that he was the ringleader of the incident, recruiting playmates and planning and running orgies. Nowadays, I don't feel like it would be subject to much punishment for public indecency or aiding it.  

Emperor Goyozei seems to have been furious and ordered them all to be put to death, but in the end, the shogunate was entrusted with the punishment and Noritoshi was beheaded, but many others were sentenced to exile. As the new system of the Tokugawa shogunate was being strengthened, Emperor Goyozei, who was concerned about the treatment of the imperial court, took this opportunity to clean up discipline, and did not want to show the shogunate any lapses as much as possible.

Emperor Goyozei died shortly after the Battle of Osaka, and his son Emperor Gomizunoo ascended the throne, but the imperial court accepted the laws of the imperial court by the shogunate, and Hidetada's daughter Kazuko became empress and was incorporated into the Tokugawa shogunate system.


Enmei-in Temple in Nippori was originally a Nichiren sect temple built on the occasion of the birth of Ietsuna, the successor of the third shogun Iemitsu, and was famous for its blessings of fertility. Speaking of Iemitsu, he was devoted to sodomy from a young age, but he finally showed an interest in women when Kasuga no Tsubone(influential lady senir official) found a concubine called ``Oraku no Kata'', and Ietsuna was successfully born. As Oraku was a devotee of Enmei-in Temple, it became a place where wives and maids of the shogun's family would spend the night to pray, and this became a hotbed for incidents.

During the time of Shogun Ienari, a handsome monk called Nichido became the chief priest of the temple, and it seems that he had affairs with 59 Ooku(inner palace) maids over the course of eight years. Ienari had 17 wives, including his legal wife and 53 children, and was known as the "Fur Seal Shogun," so he must have had many maidservants in the inner palace.

In the end, Yasutada Wakisaka, a temple and shrine magistrate with a strong sense of justice, sent a female spy to gather evidence, captured him, and sentenced him to death.

Nichido became chief priest in 1796, three years after Sadanobu Matsudaira was dismissed from office and the Kansei reforms came to an end. Sadanobu was disliked by Ienari because he tried to drastically cut Ooku's budget, and such public sentiment may have been one of the reasons.



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