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Treatment of descendants of the Ashikaga Shogunate family

Hideyoshi granted territory in Shimotsuke Kitsuregawa (Tochigi Prefecture) and allowed the Ashikaga family, which originated from the Kamakura kubo, to continue, but the Tokugawa family inherited this treatment, that's it had a territory of 5,000 koku, treated as 100,000 koku status and had remained until the Meiji Restoration.

Incidentally, the last lord of the domain, the Nawauji Kitsuregawa, changed his surname back to "Ashikaga" after the Meiji Restoration, but his real father was Nariaki Tokugawa, who was the lord of the Mito domain.

On the other hand, in the case of the head family of the Muromachi Shogunate, none of the descendants of the 13th generation Yoshiteru, 14th generation Yoshihide, and 15th generation Yoshiaki were treated as daimyo (more than 10,000 koku lord).

The Muromachi shogunate is said to have fallen in 1573, when the last shogun, Yoshiaki, was banished from Kyoto due to Nobunaga's temper, but in reality, he relinquished his post as shogun in 1588. They were treated well as Hideyoshi's fairy tales. When Hideyoshi invaded Kyushu, he urged Shimazu to surrender in the joint name of Kanpaku(the supreme minister) Hideyoshi and Shogun Yoshiaki. His eldest son, Gijin, who had been taken hostage by Nobunaga, returned to secular life and had children, but all of them entered Buddhism and the direct lineage ended. There are also other families who claimed to be Yoshiaki's illegitimate children and became retainers of the Aizu, Satsuma, and Yanagawa domains, but there seems to be no clear evidence of this.


In the case of the 13th Yoshiteru, he had a legitimate child, but he died early and was defeated in the Eiroku Incident (1565). At that time, the pregnant concubine (Karasuma clan) fled to Sanuki(Kagawa prefecture) and was sheltered by the Oike family, the lord of Yokoi castle, and adopted him as Yoshitatsu Oike. Later, via the Sanuki clan (Ikoma clan), he became a guest commander to Tadatoshi Hosokawa of the Kumamoto clan (2,000 koku). Considering that the Hosokawa family is a long-established Ashikaga family that was divided in the 12th century, and that his grandfather Yusai (Fujitaka) was a vassal of the shogunate who served Yoshiteru, this theory of Yoshiteru's fallen son may have high credibility. Yoshitatsu's son called himself Nishiyama until the end of the Edo period, but it has not been confirmed whether he called himself Ashikaga or not.

The 14th Shogun Yoshihide's father was Yoshitsuna (younger brother of the 12th Shogun Yoshiharu), making him a cousin of Yoshiteru and Yoshiaki. He is famous for being an unfortunate shogun who was at the mercy of political strife between the Miyoshi forces, Hisahide Matsunaga, and Nobunaga Oda, and was unable to enter Kyoto despite receiving the proclamation of shogun. Afterwards, Yoshihide's younger brother took over the estate and was located at Awa Hirashima, which was called "Hirashima Kubo(Shogun)". Unfortunately for this family, after Hideyoshi's conquest of Shikoku, they received a certain treatment from the Chosokabe family, but as soon as the Hachisuka family entered Awa, their 6,000 koku of land was confiscated, leaving them with only 100 koku. Was the old authority a hindrance to the new ruler? Finally, in the Horeki and Meiwa years (late 18th century), Shigeyoshi Hachisuka was adopted from the Satake branch family and his wealth quickly increased to more than 1,000 koku, but after Shigeyoshi's death, the head of the Hirashima family moved to Kyoto and left the Awa-Tokushima domain. After the Meiji Restoration, the 14th generation Yoshihide's family did not enter the nobility or samurai class, and it seems that this continues to this day.

I feel there is a big difference in the treatment of the Kubo families of the Hosokawa family (and the lords from Satake) and the Hachisuka family, but this may also be due to the presence or absence of a sense of kinship, such as the Ashikaga family and the Kawachi-Genji clan.


Later, when Emperor Meiji met with Marquis Mochiaki Hachisuka, he noticed that one of his favorite cigarettes was missing and was ridiculed, saying, ``Blood can't be fought over.'' In the story "Taikoki (Hideyoshi Toyotomi's biography)", Koroku Hachisuka was a night thief. However, Marquis Mochiaki's father was Ienari Tokugawa, so he was just caught a by-blow.

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